March 2021 Issue
Welcome Message from Editor and Team!
We welcome you to March issue of IEEE Newsletter, Toronto section.
In this issue, you will read an article “Patient Self-Service Protection of Their Healthcare Data Using Blockchain”
Meet Maryam Davoudpour; in our IEEE supporters section. Enjoy and appreciate her contributions to IEEE and specially in IEEE WIE.
For the section upcoming events, please visit New Events page
By launching this newsletter, we intend to cover IEEE achievements and success stories specific to the Toronto area.
If you have any questions, suggestions, or concerns, please address them to the editor; Fatima Hussain at email@example.com. We hope to hear from you, and we welcome your feedback!
Get Involved with Us!
IEEE Toronto section is looking forward to hearing from you. your contributions are welcome to this monthly newsletter. We invite our members to share and submit:
- Short Story (about IEEE members, WIE members)
- News items and Affinity group reports
- Technical Articles/Blogs (Brief discussions of cutting edge research, new technological tools, topics of your choice)
Articles should be submitted in Word format. Word count for News items, Affinity group reports is 50 to 200 words and for blogs/ articles is 500 to 800 words.
Although this year has been hard on all of us, we can appreciate we made through it safe and sound. At the same time, our heart goes out for the ones who lost their loved ones during the pandemic. While we are still not done yet, we would like to wish a Happy New Year. We are sending this message hoping that the next year is better than 2020, and our lives get back to normalcy.
May the celebrations of the new year fill in your hearts with high spirits. With unshaken determination, we are all set to embrace the new year with courage, hope, dreams, and faith. Stay safe, and take care of yourself and your loved ones.
Happy 2021 !
Meet Our Distinguished IEEE Supporters
Professor Maryam Davoudpour
Dr. Maryam Davoudpour received the MASc and PhD degrees from the Moscow State Technical University of Bauman in Information Technology and Control Complex Systems. She also completed a NSERC post-doctoral fellowship. She is a member of the DMZ (Digital Media Zone) at Ryerson University. Dr. Davoupour is with Ryerson University since 2008 and has joined Humber College. She has extensive industrial and academic experience and has been involved in various successful R&D projects.
Dr. Davoudpour’s research interests are in the areas of Nonlinear Modeling, Knowledge-Based Expert Systems, Petri Nets, Digital Signal Processing, Modeling Context Aware Systems and Internet of Things. She is an active reviewer of various IEEE publications and conferences. Her recent research is to create novel smart textile garments, (leg stocking and arm sleeves), enabling automated, sustained Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation (NMES) therapy to prevent Intensive Care Unit Acquired Weakness (ICUAW).
Dr. Davoudpour is the chair of the IEEE Instrumentation, Measurement, Robotics and Automation chapter in Toronto and she is the Chair of Women in Engineering (WIE) at IEEE Toronto, as well as the vice chair of WIE IEEE Canada
Dr. Davoudpour was selected as an Honorable Mention for the 2018 WIE Inspiring Member of the Year Award by the IEEE Women in Engineering Committee (WIEC), for her inspirational leadership and outstanding contributions to the IEEE WIE and IEEE communities. The purpose of this award is to recognize a professional member of IEEE Women in Engineering (WIE) who has made an outstanding contribution to WIE, their community and the engineering community, through dedication and involvement in projects or activities directed toward fulfilling one or more of the WIE goals and objectives.
The WIE IEEE also selected the IEEE Toronto WIE Affinity Group as the recipient of an Honorable Mention for the 2017 and 2018 WIE Affinity Group of the Year Award.
Patient Self-Service Protection of Their Healthcare Data Using Blockchain
Steven Delaney and Doug Schmidt
A patient centric unified view of a patient’s healthcare data promises to lower healthcare costs which averages 10% of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of most developed countries. Rapid access to a patient’s healthcare history can be used to improve patient treatment. Therefore, there is significant interest from governments to unify healthcare records. Indeed, some countries have achieved this by introducing a nation-wide system that integrates data from all healthcare providers to provide a common record of healthcare data for each patient. In addition, as the digitization of society progresses, regulators have an increased focus on the protection of privacy of personal information. This shows in the European Union’s GDPR regulations and the introduction of Canada’s Bill C-11 to name a few. These regulations define personal data and the requirements of organizations to collect, use and protect personal data
A patient’s healthcare data is identified as personal data in both the GDPR and C-11 regulations. These regulations spell out when organizations must obtain a patient’s approval to collect and use their healthcare data. Also, it provides provision to allow access to a patient’s healthcare information without authorization when life is at risk. In Canada, a patient’s healthcare data can reside in multiple Electronic Health Records (EHR) hosted by many different organizations, each with their own separate privacy and security controls. This presents challenges to the application of privacy regulations to the retrieval of a patient’s healthcare data. Specifically, (1) Providing the patient with the ability to easily have their healthcare privacy choices applied consistently across multiple organizations. (2) Healthcare data interrelationships can be highly complex, and many patients will not understand what data or combination of data should be set private to achieve their privacy expectations. (3) Not every healthcare organization will host the same data on the same patient. The onus is therefore placed on the patient to manage and track their privacy decisions separately for each organization using differing administration processes. (4) Differences between the EHR systems used by each organization may make it difficult for the patient to identify with confidence, the same data to be protected in each organization.
A holistic patient centric view of the patient’s healthcare data would reduce the complexity of addressing the challenges cited above. Countries like Australia and Estonia have implemented patient centric healthcare systems but for some countries like Canada, it would take several years to implement such as system even if there were an initiative to do so. We propose a simpler and less costly approach using a Patient Control Privacy System (PCPS), which each healthcare organization would utilize, to provide consistent adherence to each patient’s privacy choices.
The concepts displayed in Figure 1 are (1) Development of a common standardized EHR format to be used for recording patient data privacy decisions on a blockchain. This EHR format is designed to store data and associated privacy settings for the purpose of filtering viewing of their data. It need not cover the same scope as EHR’s used by service providers. (2) Service providers can continue to utilize their own EHR formats. (3) A conversion component that can translate data to and from the standardized EHR and the service providers EHR’s. (4) A Data Privacy & Access Check component compares retrieved EHR data, translated to standardized format, to the patient’s privacy decisions recorded in the blockchain. Only permissioned data is allowed to be viewed. (5) The patient can set their own privacy decisions on the blockchain and has full transparency into who has viewed their data. Figure 1 describes the basic concepts of the PCPS approach. It is recognized that there are a multitude of use cases that will affect what patient data can be viewed by the clinician. For example, perhaps only data relevant to the clinician’s specialty should be viewable or, all the patients’ data should be allowed to be viewed in the event the patient’s life is at risk.
In summary, by standardizing on a common EHR format that can convert selected data to and from other EHR formats, this enables interoperability with multiple EHR services to provide a holistic view of a patient’s healthcare data. This, in turn, allows the use of a common blockchain to record and apply a patient’s privacy decisions to clinicians viewing their data. Healthcare services retain the freedom to implement privacy regulations in their own manner. However, it may be beneficial for the services to access the blockchain as a source of the patient’s healthcare data privacy decisions and permissions. The advantage to the patient is that they can edit and maintain their privacy decisions in one system knowing that it will be applied consistently throughout the healthcare jurisdiction. The PCPS is a key component in our work that combines blockchain, semantic, and graph database technologies to allow clinicians to quickly obtain the right patient data at the right time to improve treatment of the patient at lower cost.
IEEE Newsletter Library
Aerospace & Electronic Systems Society: https://ieee-aess.org/publications/quarterly-email-blast-qeb
Biometrics Council: http://ieee-biometrics.org/index.php/publications/newsletter
Circuits & Systems Society: http://cassnewsletter.org/currentpast-issues/
Communications Society – Technical Committees: https://www.comsoc.org/publications/tcn
Computer Intelligence Society: https://cis.ieee.org/publications/newsletter/archived-newsletters
Computer Society: https://www.computer.org/resources/newsletters
Control Systems Society: http://ieeecss.org/publication/e-letter
Geoscience and Remote Sensing Society: http://www.grss-ieee.org/publication-category/enewsletter/
Industry Applications Society: https://ias.ieee.org/publications/newsletter.html
Information Theory Society: https://www.itsoc.org/publications/newsletters
Instrumentation & Measurement Society: http://ieee-ims.org/publications/im-society-newsletter
Intelligent Transportation Society: https://site.ieee.org/itss/publications/newsletter/
Internet Initiative: https://internetinitiative.ieee.org/newsletter
Internet of Things (IOT): https://iot.ieee.org/newsletter.html
Oceanic Engineering Society: https://ieeeoes.org/publications/oes-beacon/
Power & Energy Society: https://site.ieee.org/pes-enews/
Robotics & Automation Society: https://www.ieee-ras.org/about-ras/latest-news/e-news
Signal Processing: https://signalprocessingsociety.org/newsletter
Smart Grid: https://smartgrid.ieee.org/
Solid-State Circuits Society: https://sscs.ieee.org/publications/sscs-newsletter-archive
Systems Council: https://ieeesystemscouncil.org/newsletter-archive
Systems, Man and Cybernetics Society: http://www.ieeesmc.org/publications/enewsletter
Ultrasound, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control Society: https://ieee-uffc.org/publications/uffc-s-newsletters/
Vehicular Technology Society: https://vtsociety.org/newsroom/
Young Professionals: https://yp.ieee.org/members/newsletter-archive/
Dr. Fatima Hussain
Newsletter Editor | IEEE Toronto Section
Dr. Fatima Hussain is working as a Governance Manager in API Delivery and Operations squad, Royal Bank of Canada (RBC), Toronto Canada. She is leading the development and promotion of new APIs and API development learning curriculum along with API security and governance duties. She is also an Adjunct Professor at Ryerson University, Toronto and her role includes the supervision of graduate research projects. Dr Hussain’s background includes number of distinguished professorships at Ryerson University and University of Guelph where she has been awarded for her research, teaching and course development accomplishments within Wireless Telecommunication and Internet of Things.
Her research interests include API Security, Cyber Security and Machine Learning. She is a prolific author with various conference and journal publications to her credit. Dr. Hussain received her PhD and MASc degrees in Electrical and Computer Engineering from Ryerson University, Toronto. Upon graduation she joined the Network-Centric AppliedResearch Team (N-CART) as a post doctoral fellow where she worked on various NSERC-funded projects in the realm of the Internet of Things.
Dr. Ameera Al-Karkhi
Newsletter Coordinator | IEEE Toronto Section
Dr. Ameera Al-Karkhi is working as a Professor at Sheridan College. She holds PhD in Computing, Science and Engineering Department from University of Salford, UK. She has worked as Postdoctoral Fellow at Ryerson University and University of Guelph, in areas such as, IoT Environment, Cloud Computing and Contextual Security. She has also worked as a Data Scientist at ML4BD Inc. and contributed in various projects including Feature Selection, Classifiers Development and Data Analysis using machine learning techniques.
She has various academic publications in different conferences and journals in Computer Engineering, Machine Learning and IoT domains. Her research interests include providing and developing solutions in the area of Cyber Security, User Identity Assertion and Context Aware systems within Internet of Things environments and Cloud Computing.
Webmaster | IEEE Toronto Section
Melanie Soliven is a third-year Computer Science student at Ryerson University. Her interest in coding and the growing tech industry lead her to the Computer Science program at Ryerson. As part of her education, she has learned how to write programs in Python, Java, and C. In her free time, she likes to illustrate and develop her skills in front-end web development.
She is currently the volunteer webmaster for the IEEE Toronto Section.